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  1. Shine

    Outdoor Deck Lights

    Deck lights are specifically designed to provide the spread of light needed for outdoor navigation, seating, dining, and gathering activities while complementing the architectural design to maintain a cohesive scene. These fixtures functionally illuminate deck floors and steps to define areas to...
  2. Shine

    Landscape Lighting: What Is Uplighting?

    Uplighting is a dramatic way of accenting trees, shrubs, and architectural features like a gazebo, arbor or wall sculpture. This concept brings life to interesting hardscape and softscape elements that rise up from the ground. This landscape lighting technique is most often used to highlight the...
  3. Shine

    Landscape Lighting: What Is Cross Lighting?

    Cross lighting is a landscape lighting technique that involves using two beams of light to fully enhance an object. This technique is usually used to accentuate larger trees or other tall items. Cross lighting utilizes two or more light fixtures which are mounted above or below the object...
  4. Shine

    Landscape Lighting: What Is Mirror Lighting?

    Mirror lighting is a landscape lighting technique that involves illuminating a background scene to reflect it into a nearby body of water. The technique takes advantage of the reflective surface of water features to create visual interest. Placing a light fixture such as a well light between...
  5. Shine

    Landscape Lighting: What Is Shadowing?

    Shadowing is a landscape lighting technique that plays with light and darkness to intentionally create an intriguing shadow on a vertical surface. The technique involves placing a light fixture, often a spot light, in front of an object, such as a tree, plant, or statue. The decorative shadow...
  6. Shine

    Landscape Lighting: What Is Silhouetting?

    Silhouetting is used to dramatize the shape of a plant, tree, structure, or other object so it stands out before a wall, fence, or other surface. This technique accents the silhouette of the object, but not the color or texture. Silhouetting is sometimes called backlighting. Placing a spotlight...
  7. Shine

    Landscape Lighting: What Is Moonlighting?

    Moonlighting is a landscape lighting technique designed to replicate the effect of moonlight shining through the branches and filtering through the foliage of a tree. This technique creates soft and subtle ambient illumination that casts shadows and accentuates what is under the tree (paths...
  8. Shine

    Outdoor Accent Lighting: Wall Washing vs. Grazing

    Wall washing is a landscape lighting technique for evenly illuminating a wall or large vertical surface. The broad, uniform illumination hides imperfections and flattens the appearance of the illuminated area. Wall washing is accomplished by placing light fixtures with a setback that is distant...
  9. Shine

    Low Voltage LED Landscape Lighting

    Landscape lighting is designed to illuminate an outdoor living environment in a way that highlights the most attractive features, creates architectural impressions, and adds a layer of safety and security. Landscape lighting designers and installers typically utilize a combination of techniques...
  10. Shine

    All-in-One (Integrated) Solar Street Lights

    An all-in-one solar street light is an outdoor LED luminaire that integrates the light engine, solar panel, rechargeable battery and power management system into a compact, water-proof, and easy-to-install assembly. Solar street lighting systems have been around for many decades. They provides a...
  11. Shine

    Solar Bollard Lights

    A solar bollard light is an off-grid, multi-functional outdoor light fixture designed to provide driveway and pathway lighting for safety and security purposes and, in many instances, for aesthetic enhancement and ornamental decoration of a property as well. Bollard lights have been used...
  12. Shine

    Landscape Path Lighting

    Path lighting is an important component of landscape lighting that extends your living spaces to include the outdoor environment as well as the hours of enjoyment into the night. It is intended to unify the relationship between pathway and landscape lighting in exterior environments. Path...
  13. Shine

    Solar Path Lights

    A solar path light is a self-powered light fixture that illuminates to provide clear direction to the front door as well as reveal regions adjacent to the path. Path lighting is used to enhance landscaping such as flower beds, shrubbery and borders while safely illuminating pathways. While...
  14. Shine

    Solar Wall Lights

    A solar wall light is a wire-free, self-powered luminaire that is wall-mounted to provide wayfinding, security, or architectural accent lighting. Exterior wall lighting must balance form and function to add an integrated look to the outdoor decor. Wall lights are used to illuminate a defined...
  15. Shine

    Solar Security Lights

    A solar security light is a self-powered flood light that is installed to help people and property from criminal and terroristic activities, to increase the effectiveness of other security measures, and to create a perception of a reasonably secure environment. Lighting is one of the most...
  16. Shine

    Solar Flood Lights

    A solar flood light is designed to deliver a broad spread of light from ambient, accent or task lighting using energy generated by solar panels. Flood lights are directional luminaires that produce a controlled, relatively diffused beam of light for illuminating a scene or object to a luminance...
  17. Shine

    Solar Spot Lights

    A solar spot light is a solar powered LED accent light that uses directional beams of light to create a focal point in a landscape or highlight architectural features. A variety of lighting techniques use spot lights to create the desired effects. The directional light is used for spotlighting...
  18. Shine

    Solar Fence Lights

    A solar fence light is a perimeter light fixture that is designed to add an extra layer of safety and security to your home while enhancing the aesthetic appeal of your home’s exterior. Functionally, solar fence lights are interchangeable with outdoor wall lights, deck rail lights, and in some...
  19. Shine

    Solar Patio Lights

    Solar patio lights are solar powered light fixtures that serve both utilitarian and decorative purposes. This type of installation creates general ambient light for backyard entertaining, transforms the outdoor space into an inspired nightscape, and produces a greater sense of security and...
  20. Shine

    Solar Deck Lights

    A solar deck light is used to illuminate deck floors and steps while enhancing the outdoor decor. Deck lights can be installed into the posts of a deck, mount to the railing around a deck, or be recessed in the risers of steps. They distribute light in a horizontal or downward direction to...
  21. Shine

    Solar String Lights

    A string light is a linear assembly of LED light bulbs that are used to create visibility or impressive lighting displays for events and facilities of all types. String lights are a versatile, weather hardened option for outdoor activity or entertainment lighting. They are mounted to the home...
  22. Shine

    Solar Garden Lights

    Solar garden lights are landscape lighting systems designed for illuminating gardens, lawns, decks, patios, pathways, and entrance ways as the nighttime play of light on the landscape and exterior structures. Such fixtures also serve both utilitarian purposes in that they aid in safety and...
  23. Shine

    What Is a Thin Film Solar Panel

    A thin film solar panel is a photovoltaic module that is fabricated on an extremely thin semiconducting absorber layer. Thin film solar panels use a very small amount of semiconductor material to convert light directly into electricity using the photovoltaic effect. The thickness of the...
  24. Shine

    What Is a Polycrystalline Solar Panel

    A polycrystalline solar panel is a photovoltaic module that comprises an array of polycrystalline photovoltaic cells. Photovoltaic cells, commonly known as solar cells, utilize incidental solar radiation to generate electrical energy. A solar cell has a p-n junction which separates positive...
  25. Shine

    What Is a Monocrystalline Solar Panel

    A monocrystalline solar panel is constructed from a number of photovoltaic (PV) cells which is created from a single crystal of silicon. Photovoltaic cells are connected in series within a solar module to convert light into electricity using the photovoltaic effect. The crystalline silicon cells...
  26. Shine

    What Is a Solar Inverter

    A solar inverter converts the variable direct current (DC) output of a photovoltaic (PV) solar panel into alternating current (AC) electricity that can be fed into a commercial electrical grid or used by a local, off-grid electrical network. A solar electric system is typically comprised of...
  27. Shine

    Solar Charge Controllers: MPPT vs. PWM

    A solar charge controller, also known as a solar regulator, manages the power going into and coming out of the battery of a photovoltaic system. It's fundamentally a voltage and current regulator that prevents a battery bank from overcharging. The charge controller regulates the current to the...
  28. Shine

    What Is a Solar Charge Controller

    A solar charge controller is a voltage and current regulator which monitors and controls the power going into and coming out of the rechargeable battery of a solar power system, based on a set of voltage thresholds (termed setpoints). Charge controllers play a critical role in solar systems. In...
  29. Shine

    Rechargeable Batteries for Solar Lights

    In solar lights, the energy output from solar photovoltaic systems is generally stored in a rechargeable battery or in an array of rechargeable battery cells (battery bank). During the day, solar panels convert solar energy into electrical energy using the photovoltaic effect of a p-n junction...
  30. Shine

    What Is a Lithium Polymer Battery

    A lithium polymer (abbreviated as LiPo) battery is a rechargeable lithium ion battery that uses a solid polymer electrolyte instead of a liquid electrolyte. It is technically a lithium-ion polymer battery. The electrochemistry of a LiPo battery is essentially the same as a Li-ion battery. Both...
  31. Shine

    What Is a Car Battery

    A car battery is a rechargeable battery that is designed for use in automotive SLI (Starting, Lighting and Ignition) applications. This type of battery has high momentary current capability required to start an internal combustion engine (ICE) of a car, truck, boat, etc. The most important...
  32. Shine

    What Is a Deep Cycle Battery

    A deep cycle battery is a rechargeable battery designed to have the majority of their capacity used before being recharged. A deep cycle refers to one complete charging and discharging of the battery. Battery designs generally assume a number of discharge-charge cycles a rechargeable battery can...
  33. Shine

    What Is a Solid State Battery

    A solid state battery is an electrochemical storage device that uses solid electrodes and a solid separator/electrolyte system without any liquid component. In a battery, the anode (negative electrode) and cathode (positive electrode) are separated by the electrolyte. The electrolyte transports...
  34. Shine

    Lithium-ion Battery

    A lithium-ion battery is a rechargeable battery which operates by intercalating and de-intercalating lithium ions into the anode and cathode depending on whether the electrochemical cell is being charged or discharged. Common battery chemistries currently in use today include lead-acid, nickel...
  35. Shine

    What Is a Gel Battery

    A gel battery is a sealed lead-acid (SLA) battery with a gelled electrolyte. In lead acid batteries, the electrolysis of the electrolyte during charging causes decomposition of water in the electrolyte. The gas products generated during this process are either recombined internal to the battery...
  36. Shine

    What Is an AGM Battery

    An AGM battery is sealed lead-acid (SLA) battery that has its electrolyte soaked in a porous absorbed glass mat (AGM) separator. The absorbed glass mat construction allows the electrolyte to be immobilized, which means the batteries of this type can be operated in any orientation without fear of...
  37. Shine

    What Is a VRLA Battery (Sealed Lead Acid Battery)

    A valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) battery is a sealed lead acid (SLA) battery that has the electrolyte immobilized within the cell. Batteries of this type have a safety vent (pressure relief valve) to release gas in case of excessive internal pressure buildup. The VRLA battery thus gets its...
  38. Shine

    Lead-acid Battery: Flooded (FLA) vs. Sealed (SLA)

    A lead-acid battery is a rechargeable energy storage device that is constructed with a lead negative electrode (anode), a lead oxide positive electrode (cathode) and a sulphuric acid electrolyte. Invented in 1859 by French physicist Gaston Plante, lead-acid batteries are the grandfather of...
  39. Shine

    NiMH Battery | Nickel Metal Hydride Rechargeable Battery

    An NiMH battery is a rechargeable battery that uses nickel hydroxide for the positive electrode (cathode) and a hydrogen-absorbing alloy for the negative electrode. NiMH or Ni-MH is an abbreviation for nickel-metal hydride. The NiMH battery chemistry is a hybrid of the proven cathode chemistry...
  40. Shine

    Rechargeable Batteries: Lead-acid vs. Lithium-ion vs. NiMH

    A battery is an electrochemical device that stores and releases electrical energy using chemical reactions. A battery is made up of one or more electrochemical cells. An electrochemical cell or battery cell consists of a positive electrode (cathode) which accepts electrons, negative electrode...
  41. Shine

    BR20, BR30, BR40 LED Bulbs | Bulged Reflector (BR) Lamps

    Directional lamps come in many different shapes and beam characteristics, including R (reflector), BR (bulged reflector), PAR (parabolic aluminized reflector), and multifaceted reflector (MR), among other specialized forms. Essentially, BR and R shape bulbs are directional flood lights that are...
  42. Shine

    PAR16, PAR20, PAR30, PAR38 LED Light Bulbs

    A PAR light bulb is a directional lamp that features a reflector in a parabola shape. The explicit parabolic nature of the reflector allows light to be precisely reflected directly out of the bulb cavity, with less dispersion. PAR light bulbs are a large family of reflector lamps that have an...
  43. Shine

    GU10 LED Light Bulbs

    A GU10 light bulb is a bi-pin base lamp that typically provides a directional source of light for commercial accent lighting in retail, museum and hospitality spaces, as well as for household use in track lighting and recessed downlighting. The designation GU10 refers to a twist-and-lock base...
  44. Shine

    MR11 / MR16 LED Bulbs | Multifaceted Reflector (MR) Lamps

    Multifaceted reflector (MR) lamps are directional light sources that are used to provide highlighting for individual areas or objects with a controlled light distribution. Originally designed for use in 35mm slide projectors, MR lamps now are commonly used in retail, hospitality, residential...
  45. Shine

    JA8 Compliant Light Bulbs

    JA8 compliant light bulbs refer to "High Efficacy" lamps classified and certified according to the requirements in Title 24 Reference Joint Appendix JA8, Qualification Requirements for High Efficacy Light Sources. Title 24 is a set of requirements published within the California Energy Code...
  46. Shine

    GU24 LED Light Bulbs

    A GU24 light bulb is a bi-pin base lamp that is used for mains-voltage applications. The lamp is fitted to an ANSI standardized base designated as GU24. The GU24 base features two pins that twist and lock into the light fixture. As the name would suggest, the two pins are spaced 10 mm apart. The...
  47. Shine

    R7s LED Bulbs - Double Ended J Type Lamps & Floodlight Bulbs

    An R7s bulb is a double ended, recessed single contact (RSC) linear lamp. The R7s is the base designated for J type linear halogen lamps having a T3 shape. The tubular shape of the bulb is 3/8 inches in diameter and the length measures either 118 mm or 78 mm. Some less common lengths are 189 mm...
  48. Shine

    G4 LED Bulb

    A G4 light bulb is a bi-pin base lamp that runs off a low-voltage power supply. "G4" is a base designation which means the base has two pins and the gap width between the pins (center to center) is 4 millimeters. The G4 light bulb finds its usage in a variety of applications where space is a...
  49. Shine

    E14 LED Light Bulbs

    An E14 light bulb is an electric light that uses a small Edison screw (SES) base to connect to the branch circuit through a corresponding socket. The SES base is sometimes called the European screw base because it's a very common size used throughout Europe and the UK. In the designation "E14"...
  50. Shine

    Candelabra Base (E12) LED Light Bulbs

    A candelabra light bulb is a specialty base lamp that mechanically engages and electrically interfaces the socket of a light fixture using an E12 screw base. E12 is a designation that indicates the type of lamp base (Edison screw) and the diameter of the base (12 mm). The E12 base is sometimes...
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